This February is National Cancer Prevention Month, a month that aims to raise awareness of a diagnosis more than 1.7 million Americans receive every year. Of those, 94,000 will be diagnosed with gynecologic cancer. By understanding the risk factors of gynecologic cancer, we can help prevent, screen for and treat cancer – and improve outcomes with early intervention.

The Risk Factors of Gynecologic Cancer

The risk factors vary depending on the type of gynecologic cancer. Here are some to be aware of.

  • Cervical cancer. Risk factors include HPV infection, being aged between 30-50 and smoking.
  • Ovarian cancer. Risk factors include age, particularly at menopause and beyond; a family or personal history of cancer; having not given birth; and Ashkenazi Jewish heritage.
  • Uterine/endometrial cancer. Risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, a family history of cancer, have never given birth, late menopause, and taking estrogen.
  • Vaginal cancer. Risk factors include HPV infection, being aged 60+, and smoking.
  • Vulvar cancer. Risk factors include HPV infection, certain genital skin conditions, and smoking.

How to Prevent Gynecologic Cancer

Reducing your risk factors can reduce your likelihood of a cancer diagnosis. Here’s what to do.

  • Maintain your health. Being a healthy weight, exercising, and eating well all help lower your risk of cancer. Being a non-smoker also reduces your cancer risk.
  • Attend routine screenings. Routine screenings can identify pre-cancerous scenarios or cancer in its early stages. Book in for your regular pap smear and gynecologic screenings to stay on top of cancer.
  • Get vaccinated. Almost all cervical, vulvar and vaginal cancers are caused by HPV infection. HPV vaccination can prevent HPV infection – and these gynecologic cancers as well.
  • Know the warning signs. If you experience unusual spotting or discharge, pelvic discomfort, indigestion or bloating, or changes to bathroom habits, consult your gynecologist.

Know Your Cancer Risk

Prevention can be your cure. Early detection is one of the greatest tools in beating cancer. In order to help individuals know their genetic cancer risk indicators, our team of oncologists created a three-minute, free, online cancer risk test. After completing the short quiz, you will receive a personalized report to help you have a proactive conversation with your primary care physician. Taking the test could be the most important thing you do today!

Knowledge is cancer’s worst enemy. Empower yourself and learn about the most common signs and symptoms of each of the main types of gynecologic cancer and also read our informative FAQs.

Spread the Word About Cancer Prevention

Understanding cancer risk factors, symptoms, and prevention options can help save lives. This National Cancer Prevention Month share your knowledge and ask loved ones to attend their routine screenings. Early diagnosis is the best way to treat cancer.

Book your routine appointment at Southwest Women’s Oncology and Health – or direct a loved one our way – and do your part to reduce cancer’s impact.

Questions to Ask Your Doctor


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To help women triumph over their gynecologic and oncology needs in a warm and nurturing way.